Read about Ukraine’s 30-year struggle for independence with this visual timeline

During the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, Ukraine proclaimed its independence.

Since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, Ukraine has had to deal with the tightening control and growing strength of its neighbour, Russia.

After an ominous year-long military buildup and 30 years of Ukrainian freedom following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991, Russian armies invaded Ukraine early on February 24, 2022. The nation of nearly 45 million people is strategically located between Russia and the rest of Europe, including a swath of eastern European countries that were formerly under the Soviet sphere and have since joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, an advancement of the Western defensive alliance that Russia views as a serious threat. The nation is under attack from Belarus to the north, Russia to the east, and Russian-controlled Crimea to the south.

Interventions by Russia in other former Soviet Union states have left behind a number of still contentious areas known as “frozen war” zones, notably the border with Ukraine. Russia and Ukraine have long-standing historical and cultural links. However, recent efforts to oust Russian dominance have cost the Ukrainian people their lives and their country’s territory. This involves the annexation of the Crimean Peninsula in 2014, the subsequent Russian annexation of major portions of eastern Ukraine, and the current invasion of all of Ukraine in early 2022.

Ukraine joined a cooperative alliance with NATO in 1994. It surrenders its nuclear arsenal in return for a written guarantee of its sovereignty from the United States, the United Kingdom, and Russia.In 2008, Georgia and Ukraine started looking into joining the NATO alliance. Later that summer, Russia supports rebels in South Ossetia and Abkhazia, two separate republics. Ukraine starts negotiating to join the European Union.

in 2014, The Crimean Peninsula is taken over by Russia, who thereafter annexes the region.

In april 2014, Pro-Russian rebels take over portions of the eastern Ukrainian provinces of Donetsk and Luhansk; the 2015 Minsk II peace agreement lessens some of the violence, but by the end of 2021 the region has seen more than 13,000 fatalities.Ukraine adopts a constitutional amendment in 2019 to pursue membership in NATO and the EU. It joins NATO as an Enhanced Opportunities Partner the next year, working together on missions and drills.

There is a significant military buildup by Russia along Ukraine’s border. Vladimir Putin, the president of Russia, sends soldiers into Donetsk and Luhansk territories that are controlled by separatists and recognises their independence. Russia launches a full-scale land, air, and sea invasion of Ukraine on February 24, 2022.There are other disputed areas backed by Russia in other former Soviet Union states, such as Georgia and on Moldova’s eastern border with Ukraine.

Leave a Reply